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The Gulf of Finland assessment

ISBN (pdf):978-952-11-4578-0 
Julkaisusarja ja numero:Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 27/2016 
Kustantaja:Suomen ympäristökeskus 
Saatavuus (pdf):http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166296 
Tekijät:Mika Raateoja and Outi Setälä 

75.00 €

This assessment on the environmental state of the Gulf of Finland in 1996 – 2014 was produced by together over 100 scientists from Estonia, Finland, and Russia in the context of the Gulf of Finland Year 2014. The thematic year aimed at – and succeeded in – giving additional value for the protection and restoration of the Gulf of Finland environment by enhancing political presence and interaction between the private sector, decision-makers, and citizens. This assessment concentrates on the past development and the current state of the Gulf of Finland environment and pressures affecting it. The themes include climate in the Gulf of Finland area, Gulf of Finland physics, geology and geodiversity, eutrophication, hazardous substances, biodiversity, fishes and fisheries, nonindigenous species, marine litter, underwater soundscape, maritime traffic and its safety, and environmental valuation. Each chapter also delivers expert opinions and recommendations for the future.