|ISBN (nid):||ISBN 978-952-11-5157-6|| |
|Julkaisusarja ja numero:||Suomen ympäristökeskuksen raportteja 15en/2020|| |
|Kustantaja:||Suomen ympäristökeskus|| |
|Tekijät:||Johanna Suikkanen, Ari Nissinen|| |
Carbon footprint describes a product’s climate impacts over the course of its life cycle. According to a report published by the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) in 2019, the carbon footprint of public procurements in Finland was 8.3 Mt CO2e in 2015, more than half of which was caused by municipal procurements. Therefore, municipalities have an enormous potential to lead the way by creating markets for products with reduced climate impacts.
This Canemure report was prepared in collaboration with the City of Helsinki Urban Environment – Environmental Services Division. The City of Helsinki promotes low-carbon procurement as part of the LIFE-IP Canemure project. The project examines the possibility of developing carbon footprint criteria and compares various methods of carbon footprint calculation. The report discusses topics at a general level, and its findings can be applied by other municipalities and public bodies implementing procurements.
The report examines whether the product environmental footprint (PEF) is suitable for calculating the carbon footprint data requested in connection with public procurements. The PEF is a harmonised method based on life cycle assessment, and it was developed by the European Commission. It is used to assess the environmental impacts of products over the course of their life cycles, taking into consideration sixteen environmental impact classes. According to the recommendation published in the Official Journal of the European Commission (2013/179/EU), the PEF method can be used to support environmentally friendly procurement, but concrete guidance or practical experience does not yet exist.
The report describes the use of the method for carbon footprint calculation in connection with public procurement and discusses its use in connection with the product categories of dairy products and IT equipment separately. In addition, the report describes the materials and databases made available to the public by the European Commission to support the calculation process. In order to be able to use PEF information as part of tendering processes, product category-specific rules (PEFCRs) must be applied, but currently, such rules have been drawn up only for 17 product categories. In addition, PEFCRs for another five product categories are being developed. A decision on the wider use of the PEF as part of the European integrated product policies is likely to be made in 2021.